1 Practical points


Noting a number of practical points will help you navigate through the pages of this course.

Document navigation

Firstly, at the bottom of each page, you will find a number of links to help you navigate the document-structure. For example, some pages will have links to "Prev"(ious), "Up", and "Next".

The "Prev" and "Next" links take you to the previous and following pages in the document flow respectively. The "Up" link takes you to the page once upwards in the hierarchy of pages.

For example, following the "Up" link from this page will take you to the table of contents. You will always be able to get to the table of contents if you follow "Up"-links far enough.

Optional material

Secondly, at a number of points through the course material, there will be optional parts. You can read these parts if you want to, or skip them if you like; they are not required reading. If you do decide to follow the links to the optional parts, there will be a "Back" link at the bottom of the page which will take you back to where you left the main flow of the material.

Reference materials

A number of reference materials are available in Part VI. They are:

  • Sample conceptual relations
  • Glossary
  • Glossary of symbols
  • References

Sample conceptual relations

The page with sample conceptual relations contains a list of some of the most commonly used relations (such as "Agnt" (Agent)). You will need to refer to this page often, so one suggestion would be to bookmark it. There will also be links to this page from the graphs that have relations defined on this page.


This course is quite liberally interlinked with hyperlinks. One particular kind of hyperlink is to the glossary. You will be able to identify the glossary-hyperlinks by hovering the mouse over the link, then looking at the status line of the browser. If it says "Glossary", you know it is a link to the glossary. You can then decide whether you want to follow the link or not.

Glossary of symbols

The glossary of symbols defines some of the symbols used in the course, with links to the relevant parts of the material.

Hyperlinks within the course material

Another kind of hyperlink is to other parts of the course. You can identify these in the same way as for the glossary-definitions, except that the URL in the status-line will say "Module_I/XXXX.html", where "XXXX" is a four- or five-digit number.


At the end of most chapters, there will be a short quiz to help you reflect on the main points of the chapter. The quizzes will be quite easy, and sometimes you may even think that the questions are insulting your intelligence. If this is the case, please be forgiving.

The quizzes will be multiple-choice. You will be given a question, and then you have to choose from a number of answers. Only one answer will be correct. When you have selected the right answer to all questions, simply press the "Check answers" button at the bottom of the page. This will take you to a new page that tells you how many you got right, as well as the answer to, and an explanation for, any question which you got wrong.

The answers given in the quizzes will be logged. However, no-one will be able to trace the link between you and the answers. Thus, even though the answers are logged, the answers given are anonymous.


But now, let us get going. We start by looking at conceptual graphs, the most central aspect of the overall theory of conceptual graphs.

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